Bihar’s antiquity is evident from its name, which is derived from the ancient word “VIHARA” (monastery). It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim, and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land where India’s first major empires rose and fell. Where the ruins of the worlds’ earliest university slumber in the void of time. The passage of Ganga, flowing wide and deep enrich the plains of Bihar before distributing in Bengal’s deltoid zone.
Among all Indian states, Bihar is the one most intimately linked to the Buddha’s life, resulting in a trail of pilgrimages that have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit. The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures, as well as a terracotta urn, said to contain the ashes of Lord Buddha.

The Buddha spent five years at Rajgir after having attained enlightenment, and many of the remains at Rajgir commemorate various incidents related to the life of Buddha, the hill of Gridhrakuta being perhaps the most important, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. Bodhgaya is the spot where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with the Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location.

A monastic university flourished in Bihar (Nalanda) from the 5th to the 11th century. It is said to have contained nine million books, with 2,000 teachers to impart knowledge to 10,000 students who came from all over the Buddhist world. Lord Buddha himself taught here and Hieun Tsang, the 7th-century Chinese traveler, was a student. Ongoing excavations have uncovered temples, monasteries, and lecture halls. Rajgir, ‘the royal palace’, 12 km south, was the venue for the first Buddhist Council.

This landlocked state of Bihar is surrounded by Nepal, Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and comprises four cultural regions-Bhojpur, Mithila, and Magadha, and Chotanagpur. Rivers Kosi and Gandak from the north and Sone from the south join the Ganga. In the fertile plains, rice, sugarcane, oilseeds, gram, maize, jute, barley, and wheat are cultivated.

Top Attractions & Destinations In Bihar

Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
Ruins Of Nalanda University
Ghora Katora
Sher Shah Suri Tomb
Takhat Sri Harimandir Sahib
Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Rajgir
Ashokan Pillar
Barabar Caves
Maner Sharif
Jal Mandir

Mandar Hill
Tutula Bhawani
Valmiki Tiger Reserve
80ft Buddha Statue
Ruins Of Vikramshila
Vishnupad Temple
Manjhar Kund And Dhuan Kund
Kumrahar Park
Karkatgarh (Chainpur)

Things To Do In Bihar

Gaya – Vaishali – Nalanda – Patna